Miscellany: U-Z (Using God's Name, Walking Between People...)
USING GOD’S NAME IN VAIN
Introduction to Using God’s Name in Vain
You may use God’s correct names and not the defective version (Hashem, Adoshem, Elokim…) whenever you are teaching, even if you are only quoting a partial pasuk. This is the halacha, even though many people have the custom of using only the defective versions.
Blessings and Using God’s Name in Vain
You may not use God’s name unless there is a positive purpose. Anyone may say any of God’s names anytime when studying Torah, even a girl or woman who is reading the Torah with cantillation/trop where she might need to repeat God’s name or other words in a line/pasuk and thereby not say the entire pasuk as it is written.
It is permissible to use God’s name (and not an altered name such as “Keil” or “Elokim”) in these cases:
When reciting a sentence or phrase from the Torah.
For any type of teaching of Torah, blessings, and prayers to children up to bar/bat mitzva age.
In Shabbat songs/zmirot.
Note: When singing zmirot on Shabbat, you should use God’s correct name, since zmirot are a form of prayer.
Spelling God’s Name Defectively
You may write God’s name in any language. But you may not physically erase or throw it away, so write it defectively (for example, “G-d”) to avoid future problems.
Erasing God’s Name: Physical Media
You may not erase a name of God that is written in chalk or other concrete but non-permanent substance (and certainly not if written in a permanent substance).
However, you can ask a non-Jew to erase it using a non-conventional method (shinu’i); for example, he may pour water above the name so that when the water runs across the letters, they will be dissolved.
Erasing God’s Name: Photo or Photocopy
You may not throw away even a photo or photocopy of one of God’s names; it must be put into sheimot. You should be especially careful with children’s school papers and homework!
Erasing God’s Name: Electronic Media
You may delete any non-permanent form of God’s names, such as in e-mails, but you may not destroy printed versions with God’s names.
WALKING BETWEEN PEOPLE
Walking between Standing People
It is not recommended for a man to walk between two standing women or for a woman to walk between two standing men, but either gender may walk along with two or more people of the opposite gender if all are walking.
Note: If anyone is holding a book or any intervening object, there is no problem with walking between the other people.
Copyright 2015 Richard B. Aiken. Halacha L’Maaseh appears courtesy of www.practicalhalacha.com Visit their website for more information.