Parshas Ki Savo
Words in bold represent changes to the traditional translation based on the Aramaic translation/commentary attributed to Onkelos the Ger.
Parshas Ki Savo
1. It shall be, when you come to the land that Hashem your God gives you as an inheritance, and you inherit it and settle in it,
2. you shall take from the first of every fruit of the ground, that you bring in from the land that Hashem your God gives to you. Put it in a basket and go to the place that Hashem your God will choose to cause His presence to dwell there.
3. You shall come to the priest who will be in those days and say to him, ‘I profess today before Hashem your God that I have come to the land that Hashem swore to our fathers to give us.’
4. The priest shall take the basket from your hand and place it before the altar of Hashem your God.
5. You shall answer and you shall say before Hashem your God, ‘Lavan the Aramean sought to destroy my father. He went down to Egypt and dwelled there with a people few in number, and there he became a great nation – mighty and numerous.
6. The Egyptians treated us badly and oppressed us; they placed upon us hard labor.
7. We prayed before Hashem, the God of our fathers, and Hashem accepted our prayer; our labor, our fatigue and our oppression was revealed before Him.
8. Hashem took us out from Egypt with a strong hand, and with an upraised arm, and with great visions, and with signs and with wonders.
9. He brought us to this place and He gave us this land, a land that generates milk and honey.
10. And now behold, I have brought the first fruits of the ground that You, Hashem, have given me.’ You shall place it before Hashem your God, and you shall bow before Hashem your God.
11. And you shall rejoice in all the good that Hashem your God has given you and the members of your household – you and the Levite and the stranger who is in your midst.
12. When you conclude to tithe every tenth of your produce in the third year, the year of the tithe, and have given (it) to the Levite, to the stranger, to the orphan and to the widow, and they eat in your cities and are satisfied,
13. you shall say before Hashem your God, ‘I have removed the holy – the tithe – from the house, and also I have given it to the Levite, and to the stranger, to the orphan and to the widow according to all Your commandment that You commanded me. I have not transgressed from Your commandments and I have not forgotten (them).
14. I didn’t eaten from it in mourning, and I didn’t exchange any of it for impurity, and I haven’t given from it to the dead. I accepted the word of Hashem my God; I have done according to all that You commanded me.
15. Look down from Your holy abode, from the heavens, and bless Your people – Israel – and the ground that You have given us, as You swore to our fathers: a land that generates with milk and honey.
16. This very day Hashem your God commands you to perform these statutes and the laws; you shall observe and perform them with all your heart and with all your soul.
17. You have declared love for Hashem today to be God to you, and to walk in ways that are correct before Him, and to observe His statutes, and His commandments and His laws, and to accept His word.
18. And Hashem has declared love for you this day to be a precious people to Him, as He said to you, and (for you) to observe all His commandments.
19. and to place you high over all the nations that He made – for praise, for renown and for greatness, and so that you will be a holy people to the Hashem your God, as He spoke.
1. Moshe and the elders of Israel commanded the people, saying, “Observe all the commandment that I command you this day.
2. It shall be on the day that you cross the Jordan to the land that Hashem your God gives you, you shall erect for yourselves large stones and plaster them with plaster.
3. You shall write on them all the words of this Torah. In your crossing in order that you come to the land that Hashem your God gives to you, a land that generates milk and honey, as Hashem, the God of your fathers, spoke to you.
4. It shall be, in your crossing the Jordan, you shall erect these stones that I command you today, on Mount Eival, and plaster them with plaster.
5. You shall build there an altar before Hashem your God: an altar of stones. Do not wave (an) iron (implement) on them.
6. (Of) complete stones you shall build the altar of Hashem your God. You shall offer on it burnt offerings before Hashem your God;
7. you shall sacrifice holiness offerings and eat them there, and you shall rejoice before Hashem your God.
8. You shall write on the stones all the words of this Torah, very clearly.
9. Moshe and the priests, the Levites, spoke with all Israel, saying, ‘Be silent and hear, Israel! This day you have become the people before Hashem your God.
10. You shall accept the word of Hashem your God and you shall perform His commandments and His statutes that I command you today.
11. Moshe commanded the people on that day, saying:
12. These shall stand to bless the people on Mount Grizim in your crossing the Jordan: Shimon, Levi, Yehuda, Yisachar, Yoseif and Binyamin.
13. And these shall stand for the curse on Mount Eival: Reuven, Gad, Asher, Zevulun, Dan and Naftali.
14. The Levites shall answer and say to every man (of) Israel (in) a loud voice:
15. Cursed be the man who will make an image or molten image – disgusting to Hashem, the work of a craftsman’s hands – and places it in secret. All the people shall answer, and they shall say amen.
16. Cursed be one who dishonors his father or his mother. And all the people shall say amen.
17. Cursed be one who moves his neighbor’s boundary. And all the people shall say amen.
18. Cursed be one who misleads a blind person on the way. And all the people shall say amen.
19. Cursed be one who perverts the judgment of a stranger, an orphan and a widow. And all the people shall say amen.
20. Cursed be one who lies with his father’s wife, because he has revealed the corner of his father(’s garment). And all the people shall say amen.
21. Cursed be one who lies with any animal. And all the people shall say amen.
22. Cursed be one who lies with his sister, the daughter of his father or the daughter of his mother. And all the people shall say amen.
23. Cursed be one who lies with his mother-in-law. And all the people shall say amen.
24. Cursed be one who strikes his fellow in secret. And all the people shall say amen.
25. Cursed be one who takes a bribe to kill a soul (of) innocent blood. And all the people shall say amen.
26. Cursed be the one who will not uphold the words of this Torah to perform them. And all the people shall say amen.
1. It shall be, if you surely accept the word of Hashem your God, to observe to perform all His commandments that I command you today, Hashem your God will place you high over all the nations of the earth.
2. All these blessings will come upon you and overtake you if you accept the word of Hashem your God:
3. You (will be) blessed in the city and you (will be) blessed in the field.
4. Blessed will be the fetus of your womb, and the fruit of your land, and the fetus of your cattle – the herds of your cattle and the flocks of your sheep.
5. Your basket and your kneading bowl (will be) blessed.
6. You (will be) blessed in your coming and you (will be) blessed in your going.
7. Hashem will give your enemies who stand against you (to be) broken before you; on one road they will go out against you, and on seven roads they will flee from before you.
8. Hashem will command the blessing for you in your silos and in every sending of your hand; you will be blessed in the land that Hashem your God gives to you.
9. Hashem will establish you to Him as a holy people, as was sworn to you, if you observe the commandments of Hashem your God and walk in ways that are correct before Him.
10. All the peoples of the earth will see that Hashem’s name is called on you, and they will fear from you.
11. Hashem will increase you for good in the fetus of your womb, and in the fetus of your cattle, and in the fruit of your soil, on the land that Hashem swore to your fathers, to give you.
12. Hashem will open for you His good treasury – the heavens – to give the rain of your land in its time, and to bless every deed of your hand. You will lend to many nations and you will not borrow.
13. Hashem will place you as strong and not as weak; you will only be on top and you will not be at the bottom if you heed the commandments of Hashem your God that I command you today, to observe and to perform (them).
14. And do not turn from all the words that I command you today right or left, to go after the errors of the nations to serve them.
15. It shall be, if you do not accept the word of Hashem your God to observe to perform all His commandments and His statutes that I command you today, all these curses will come upon you and will overtake you:
16. You (will be) cursed in the city and you (will be) cursed in the field.
17. Your basket and your kneading bowl (will be) cursed.
18. Cursed (will be) the fetus of your womb, and the fruit of your land, the herds of your cattle and the flocks of your sheep.
19. You (will be) cursed in your coming and you (will be) cursed in your going.
20. Hashem will provoke against you a curse, confusion and rebuke in every sending of your hand that you make, until it destroys you and until you perish quickly because of the evil of your deeds that you abandoned reverence for Me.
21. Hashem will cause plague to stick to you, until it has made an end of you from upon the land that you are coming there to inherit.
22. Hashem will strike you with consumption, and with fever, and with inflammation, and with dehydration, and with the sword, with (hot) wind, and with yellowing (of crops), and they will pursue you until you perish.
23. Your skies that are over your head will be hard like copper, (refraining) from sending rain, and the earth that is under you strong like iron, (refraining) from generating fruit.
24. Hashem will make the rain of your land powder and dust; it will fall on you from the sky, until you are destroyed.
25. Hashem will make you be broken before those who hate you; you will go out against it on one road, and you will flee from before it by seven roads. You will become a horror to all the kingdoms of the earth.
26. Your carcass will be cast off for food for all the birds of the heavens and for the animals of the earth, and there will be no one to drive (them) away.
27. Hashem will strike you with Egyptian boils, with hemorrhoids, with pustules and with scabs, from which you cannot be healed.
28. Hashem will strike you with foolishness, and with blindness, and with confusion of the heart.
29. You will grope in the afternoon like the blind gropes in the darkness, and you will not be successful in your ways, and you will only be tricked and robbed all the days, and there will be no one to save (you).
30. You will betroth a woman and another man will lie with her; you will build a house and you will not dwell in it. You will plant a vineyard, and you will not redeem it.
31. Your ox shall be slaughtered before your eyes and you will not eat from it; your donkey will be stolen from before you and it will not return to you. Your flock will be given to your enemies, and you won’t have a savior.
32. Your sons and your daughters will be given to another people; your eyes will see and will cease (working) because of them all the day, and you will lack power in your hand.
33. A people whom you don’t know will eat the fruit of your land and (of) all your labors; you will only be tricked and crushed all the days.
34. and you will be insane from the sight of your eyes that you will be seeing.
35. Hashem will strike you with severe boils on the knees and on the thighs (from) which you cannot be healed, from (the) sole of your foot to your scalp.
36. Hashem will exile you, and your king whom you will establish over you, to a nation that your fathers didn’t know. And there you will serve nations who serve errors – wood and stone.
37. You will be for desolation, a proverb and a conversation among all the peoples to whom Hashem will lead you.
38. You will take much seed out to the field and you will gather little, because the locust will finish it.
39. You will plant vineyards and work (them), and you won’t drink wine and you won’t store (it), because the worm will devour it.
40. You will have olive (tree)s in all your border, and you will not anoint (with) oil, because your olives shall drop (off).
41. You will deliver sons and daughters, and they won’t be yours because will go into captivity.
42. All your trees and (the) fruit of your land the grasshopper will take possession of.
43. The uncircumcised immigrant who is in your midst will be rising above you – higher (and) higher – and you will be descending lower (and) lower.
44. He will lend to you, and you will lend to him; he will be strong and you will be weak.
45. All these curses will come upon you; they will pursue you and overtake you until you are destroyed, because you didn’t accept the word of Hashem your God to observe His commandments and His statutes that He commanded you.
46. They will be a sign and a wonder against you and against your children forever.
47. In exchange for that you didn’t serve before Hashem your God in joy and in cheerfulness of heart from an abundance of everything,
48. you shall serve your enemies whom Hashem will provoke against you – in hunger and in thirst, and in nakedness and in a lack of everything. He will put an iron yoke on your neck until he has destroyed you.
49. Hashem will bring against you a nation from afar, from the ends of the earth, as the eagle swoops – a nation whose language you do not understand,
50. a brazen nation, that won’t regard the elder and won’t have mercy on the young.
51. It will devour the fetus of your cattle and the fruit of your soil until you have been destroyed, (so) that nothing remains to you (of) grain, wine and oil, the herds of your cattle and the flocks of your sheep, until it has eradicated you.
52. It will distress you in all your cities until it conquers your tall and fortified walls in which you trust to be saved through them, in all your land. It will distress you in all your cities, in all your land that Hashem your God has given you.
53. You will eat the fetus of your womb, the flesh of your sons and your daughters that Hashem your God has given you, in the siege and in the distress (with) which the one who hates you will distress you.
54. The man who is most tender among you and the very gentle, his eye will be evil against his brother, and against the wife of his covenant, and against the remainder of his children who will remain,
55. to give to (any) one of them from the flesh of his children whom he will eat, because nothing remains to him in the siege and in the distress (with) which the one who hates you will distress you in all your cities.
56. The most tender (woman) among you, and the gentle (woman) who wouldn’t venture to put down (the) sole of her foot on the ground from daintiness and softness, her eye will be evil against the husband of her covenant, and against her son and against her daughter,
57. and against her little children who emerge from her, and against her children whom she will deliver, because in a shortage of everything she will eat them in secret, in the siege and in the distress (with) which the one who hates you will distress you in your cities.
58. If you do not observe to perform all the words of this Torah, which are written in this book, to revere this honored and awesome name, Hashem your God,
59. Hashem will make your plagues and the plagues of your children remarkable – great and enduring plagues, and evil and enduring wounds.
60. He will return upon you all the wounds of Egypt that you dreaded before them, and they will stick to you.
61. Also, every disease and every plague that is not written in this book of the Torah Hashem will bring upon you until you are destroyed.
62. You shall remain few in number, while you were (previously) like the stars in the heavens for numerousness, because you didn’t accept the word of Hashem your God.
63. It will be, as Hashem rejoiced over you to do good for you and to multiply you, so Hashem will rejoice over you to make you perish and to destroy you. You will be uprooted from upon the land that you come there to inherit.
64. Hashem will scatter you among all the peoples from the ends of the earth and until the ends of the earth, and there you shall serve nations who serve errors whom you and your fathers didn’t know – wood and stone.
65. And in those nations you will not relax and there won’t be rest for the sole of your foot. Hashem will give you there a fearful heart, and a dimming of the eyes, and a despondent soul.
66. Your life will hang (in doubt) before you. You will be terrified night and day, and you won’t believe in your life.
67. In the morning you will say, “If only it were evening!’ and in the evening you will say, ‘If only it were morning!’ from the terror of your heart that you will be terrified and from the sight of your eyes that you will be seeing.
68. Hashem will return you to Egypt in ships, on the way that I said to you (that) you will not continue to see it further. You will offer yourselves for sale to your enemies there, for male servants and for female servants, and there will be no taker.
69. These are the words of the covenant that Hashem commanded Moses to forge with the children of Israel in the land of Moav, aside from the covenant that was made forged them at Choreiv.
1. Moshe called to all Israel. He said to them, “You have seen all that Hashem did before your eyes in the land of Egypt, to Pharaoh and to all his servants and to all his land –
2. the great miracles that your eyes saw, the signs and those great wonders.
3. And Hashem has not given you a heart to know, and eyes to see, and ears to hear until this very day.
4. I led you (for) 40 years in the wilderness; your garment did not wear out from you, and your shoes did not pass away from upon your feet.
5. You didn’t eat bread and you didn’t drink new and aged wine in order that you would know that I am Hashem your God.
6. You came to this place, and Sichon, king of Cheshbon, came out, and Og, king of Masnan, to meet us to fight a war, and we struck them.
7. We took their land and we gave it as an inheritance to the tribe of Reuven, and to the tribe of Gad, and to half the tribe of Menashe.
8. You shall observe the words of this covenant and perform them in order that you will succeed (in) all that you do.
 As opposed to “An Aramean destroyed my father” (or, “My father was a wandering Aramean”.)
 Rather than “heard our voice.”
 Rather than “gates.”
 Onkelos chooses a word for mourning reflecting aveilus, rather than the Chumash’s word, which reflects aninus.
 Rather than “distinguished God” (see Rashi).
 Rather than “treasured.”
 Literally, “a name.”
 As opposed to “glory.”
 Rather than “peace offerings.”
 Rather than “a graven image.”
 Chumash: “an abomination of Hashem.”
 As opposed to “strike.”
 Rather than “fruit.”
 As opposed to the “young of your cattle.”
 Rather than “struck.”
 Chumash: “at (the) head and not at (the) tail.”
 Literally, “and.”
 A euphemism for idols.
 Rather than “send.”
 Rather than “a shortage.”
 Chumash: “your enemies.”
 Rather than “scare (them) away.”
 Rather than “insanity.”
 As opposed to “oppressed.”
 Rather than “will long for them.”
 A little clearer than the Chumash’s “you will lack for the power of your hand.”
 Continuously, not just once.
 As opposed to “you will serve other gods.”
 Rather than “amazement.”
 Rather than “drive you.”
 Rather than “consume it.”
 Unlike Rashi, who understands this to mean “the grasshopper will make desolate.”
 Chumash: “stranger.”
 Again, continuously.
 Chumash: “seed.”
 Rather than “goodness.”
 i.e., the enemy.
 Onkelos pluralizes this word.
 Literally, “hear.”
 Rather than “favor.”
 The Hebrew naar refers to young adults; Onkelos renders it yanka, referring to nursing infants.
 Rather than “besiege.”
 Chumash: “until your tall and fortified walls come down.”
 As opposed to “the wife of his embrace.”
 Chumash: “her placenta.”
 As opposed to “from between her legs.”
 Again, rather than “seed.”
 Literally, “Faithful.”
 Rather than “diseases.”
 Rather than “raise.”
 Rather than “trembling.”
 Stronger than “fear.”
 i.e., trust in your survival.
 Literally, “Who would give…?” (An idiom.)
 Again, continuously.
 Chumash: no buyer. Onkelos renders this “no one to acquire,” which we have simplified to the English idiom “no taker.”
 Rather than “trials.”
 Singular, as opposed to “clothes.”
 Rather than “from upon you.”
 Chumash: “wine and strong drink.”
 Rather than “the Bashan”; Onkelos uses a name familiar to his contemporaries.
 Chumash: “to the Reubenite(s), and to the Gadite(s), and to half the tribe of the Menashite(s).”
© Copyright 2022 Rabbi Jack Abramowitz