Parshas Emor

Words in bold represent changes to the traditional translation based on the Aramaic translation/commentary attributed to Onkelos the Ger.

Parshas Emor

Chapter 21

Rishon

1. Hashem said to Moshe: Speak to the priests, the sons of Aharon, and say to them: One shall not impurify (himself) for the dead[1] of his people,

2. except for his closest relative to him: for his mother, and for his father, and for his son, and for his daughter, and for his brother,

3. and for his virgin sister, who is close to him because she hasn’t been to a man; for her he may impurify (himself).

4. A great one[2] among his people shall not defile himself to profane himself.

5. They shall not make bald spots on their heads, and the corner(s) of their beards cut they shall not shave, and in their flesh they shall not inflict a wound.[3]

6. They shall be holy before their God and not profane the name of their God because they offer Hashem’s offerings,[4] the offering[5] of their God, and they shall be holy.[6]

7. A “harlot”[7] and a profaned (woman) they shall not take (in marriage), and a woman divorced from her husband they shall not take because he (the kohein) is holy before God.

8. You shall sanctify him because he offers the offering of your God. He shall be holy to you because I, Hashem who sanctifies you, am holy.

9. And the daughter of a man (who is a) priest if she defiles herself through “harlotry,” she is desecrated from her father’s holiness;[8] in fire she shall be burned.

10. And the priest who will be greater than his brothers, on whose head the anointing oil will be poured and who will offer his offering[9] to wear the garments, his head he shall not let wild and his garments he shall not tear.

11. And to[10] all dead souls he shall not come; for his father and for his mother he shall not impurify himself.

12. And from the sanctuary he shall not go out and he shall not desecrate the sanctuary of his God because the crown of his God’s elevation oil[11] is upon him; I am Hashem.

13. He shall take a woman in her virginity (as a wife).

14. A widow, and a divorcee, and a profaned (woman, and a) “harlot” – these he shall not take. Only a virgin from his people shall he take (for) a wife,

15. and he will not desecrate his descendants[12] among his people because I, Hashem, sanctify him.

Sheini

16. Hashem spoke with Moshe, saying:

17. Speak with Aharon, saying: a man of your sons[13] for their generations who will have a blemish in him shall offer the offering before his God.

18. Because every man who has a blemish in him shall not offer – a man (who is) blind, or lame, or (who has) a limb too long,

19. or a man who will have in him a broken leg or a broken hand,

20. or (who has overgrown) eyebrows, or (who has a) membrane or a film in his eye, or (who has) dry breakouts, or moist breakouts, or crushed testes.[14]

21. Every man who has a blemish in him from the descendants of Aharon the priest shall not draw near to offer Hashem’s offerings. He has a blemish in him; he shall not draw near to offer his God’s offering.

22. He may eat his God’s offering from the most holy (offerings) and from the holy (offerings)

23. but to the drape he shall not come and to the altar he shall not draw near because there is a blemish in him and he shall not desecrate My sanctuary be I, Hashem, sanctify them.

24. Moshe spoke with Aharon and with his sons and with all the children of Israel.

Chapter 22

1. Hashem spoke with Moshe, saying:

2. Speak with Aharon and with his sons and they should separate from the holy things of the children of Israel that they consecrate before Me and not desecrate My holy name; I am Hashem.

3. Say to them for their generations: every man who draws near from all of your sons to the holy things that the children of Israel will consecrate before Me and his impurity is upon him, that person[15] will be expelled[16] from before Me; I am Hashem.

4. Every man from Aharon’s descendants and he has tzaraas[17] or a discharge, he shall not eat of the holy until he will have purified. And the one who anything[18] made impure by a corpse[19] or a man who has emitted from him an effusion of seed,[20]

5. or a man who will touch any[21] swarming thing that will impurify him or a person who will impurify him – for all (types of) his impurity –

6. the person who touches it will impure until the evening and he shall not eat from the holy unless he has washed his flesh in water.

7. When the sun sets,[22] he shall be pure; and after that he may eat from the holy because it is his “bread.”[23]

8. A carcass and (an animal that was) broken[24] he shall not eat to be impurified through it; I am Hashem.

9. They shall observe the charge of My word[25] and not incur a sin on it and die through it, because they will have desecrated it; I, Hashem, sanctify them.

10. And every secular person[26] shall not eat (the) holy. A priest’s resident and his hired worker shall eat of the holy.

11. And a priest who will acquire a soul, an acquisition of his money, he may eat of it, and those born in his house may eat of his “bread.”

12. And (the) daughter of a priest who will be (married) to a secular man, she may not eat of the separated[27] holy things.

13. And a priest’s daughter who will be a widow or a divorcee and she has no offspring,[28] and she returns to her father’s house as in her youth, she may eat from her father’s “bread.” And every secular person may not eat of it.

14. And a man who will eat (the) holy inadvertently, he shall add its fifth to it and give the holy to the priest.

15. And they shall not desecrate the holy (things) of the children of Israel that they will separate before Hashem,

16. and incur because of them sins and liabilities through their eating their holy (things) in impurity because I, Hashem, sanctify them.

Shlishi

17. Hashem spoke with Moshe, saying:

18. Speak with Aharon and with his sons, and with all the children of Israel, and say to them: Every person from the house of Israel and from the converts[29] in Israel who will offer his offering for all of their vows and for all of their donations that they will offer before Hashem as a burnt offering,

19. (to be) for your favor, (it must be) unblemished, male, of cattle, of sheep or of goats.

20. Everything that has a blemish in it you shall not offer because it will not be for your favor.

21. And a man who will offer a holiness sacrifice[30] before Hashem, having made a vow or (as) a donation of the herd or of the flock, it shall be unblemished for favor; any blemish shall not be in it.

22. Blind, or broken, or split, or with warts, or dry breakouts, or moist breakouts[31] – you shall not offer these before Hashem and an offering you shall not place of them on the altar before Hashem.

23. An ox or a sheep (with an) extra (limb) or a missing (limb), you may make it (as) a donation and for a vow it will not be for favor.[32]

24. (An animal with) bruised, crushed, torn and[33] cut (testicles) you shall not offer before Hashem, and in your land you shall not do (this).[34]

25. And from a member of the nations[35] you shall not offer your God’s offering from all these because their wound[36] is in them. (There is) a blemish in them; they will not be for favor to you.

26. Hashem spoke with Moshe, saying:

27. An ox or a sheep or a goat that is born, it shall be seven days after[37] its mother, and from the eighth day onward it shall be acceptable to bring as an offering before Hashem.

28. And a cow or a ewe[38]it and its[39] offspring [40] shall not be slaughtered on the same day.[41]

29. And when you sacrifice a thanksgiving offering before Hashem, for your favor you shall sacrifice it.

30. On that day it shall be eaten; do not leave over from it until morning; I am Hashem.

31. You shall observe My commandments and perform them; I am Hashem.

32. And do not desecrate My holy name and I will be sanctified among the children of Israel; I am Hashem, Who sanctifies you,

33. the One Who brought you out from the land of Egypt to be God to you; I am Hashem.

Chapter 23

Revii

1. Hashem spoke with Moshe, saying:

2. Speak with the children of Israel and say to them: The appointed times of Hashem that you shall celebrate them as holy occasions;[42] these are they, My appointed times.

3. Six days you may perform labor and on the seventh day a Sabbath of complete rest,[43] a holy occasion – all labor do not perform; it is Sabbath before Hashem in all your settlements.

4. These are the appointed times of Hashem, the holy occasions, that you shall celebrate them in their appointed times.[44]

5. In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, at twilight, Passover before Hashem.

6. And on the fifteenth day of this month the festival of unleavened bread before Hashem; (for) seven days you shall eat unleavened bread.[45]

7. On the first day it will be a holy occasion to you; all labor of work you shall not perform.

8. You shall offer an offering before Hashem (for) seven days. On the seventh day, a holy occasion; all labor of work you shall not perform.

9. Hashem spoke with Moshe, saying:

10. Speak with the children of Israel and say to them: When you come to the land that I give to you and you reap its harvest, you shall bring an omer[46] of your first harvesting to the priest.

11. He shall elevate[47] the omer before Hashem for your favor; on the day after the holiday[48] the priest shall elevate it.

12. You shall make, on the day of your elevating the omer, an unblemished lamb in its first year as a burnt offering before Hashem.

13. And its flour offering: two-tenths (of an ephah) of fine flour mixed with oil, an offering before Hashem to be accepted with favor.[49] And its libation: wine, a quarter of a hin.

14. Bread and parched grain and ground kernels[50] you shall not eat until the arrival of this day, until your bringing of the offering of your God; it is an eternal statute for your generations in all your settlements.

15. You shall count for yourselves from the day after the holiday, from the day of your bringing the omer that is elevated, seven weeks; They shall be complete.

16. Until the day after the seventh week[51] you shall count 50 days. You shall offer new flour offering before Hashem.

17. From your settlements you shall bring bread of elevation – two loaves: two-tenths of an ephah of fine flour they shall be, leavened you shall bake it, first fruits before Hashem.

18. You shall present, with[52] the bread, seven unblemished lambs in their first year, and one young ox and two rams; they will be a burnt offering before Hashem, and their flour offerings and libations, an offering to be accepted with favor before Hashem.

19. You shall also offer one male, the son of goats,[53] as a sin offering and two lambs in their first year as a holiness sacrifice.

20. The priest shall elevate them with the bread of first fruits as an elevation offering before Hashem, with the two lambs. They shall be holy before Hashem, for the priest.

21. You shall celebrate on the arrival of that day, it shall be a holy occasion for you – all labor of work you shall not perform. (This is) an eternal statute in all your settlements, for your generations.

22. And in your reaping the harvest of your land, do not finish (reaping) the corner(s) of your field, and the gleanings of your harvest do not glean; for the poor and for the converts[54] you shall leave them. I am Hashem your God.

Chamishi

23. Hashem spoke with Moshe, saying:

24. Speak with the children of Israel, saying: In the seventh month, on the first of the month, it shall be rest to you, in memory of the sobbing,[55] a holy occasion.

25. All labor of work you shall not perform, and you shall offer an offering before Hashem.

26. Hashem spoke with Moshe, saying:

27. But, on the tenth (day) of this seventh month it is the day of atonements. It shall be a holy occasion for you. You shall afflict yourselves[56] and you shall offer an offering before Hashem.

28. All labor you shall not perform on the arrival of that day because it is a day of atonements to atone for you before Hashem your God.

29. Because every person who won’t afflict (himself) on that very day will be expelled from his[57] people,

30. and every person who will perform any[58] labor on the arrival of that very day, I will expel that person from among his people.

31. All labor you shall not perform; it is an eternal statute for your generations in all your settlements.

32. It is a Sabbath of complete rest for you, and you shall afflict yourselves. On the ninth (day) of the month in the evening, from evening to evening, you shall rest on your Sabbath.

Shishi

33. Hashem spoke with Moshe, saying:

34. Speak with the children of Israel, saying: On the fifteenth day of this seventh month, the festival of booths,[59] seven days before Hashem.

35. On the first day, a holy occasion; all labor of work you shall not perform.

36. (For) seven days you shall offer an offering before Hashem. On the eighth day, it shall be a holy occasion; offer an offering before Hashem. You shall assemble;[60] all labor of work you shall not perform.

37. These are the appointed times of Hashem that you shall celebrate them holy occasions to offer an offering before Hashem – burnt offering and flour offering, holiness sacrifice and libations, the thing of a day on its day,

38. Aside from the Sabbaths of Hashem, and aside from your gifts, and aside from all your vow (offering)s, and aside from all your donations that you give before Hashem.

39. But on the fifteenth day of the seventh month, in your gathering the crop of the land, you shall celebrate the festival before Hashem (for) seven days, on the first day a rest and on the eighth day a rest.

40. You shall take on the first day the fruit of esrog trees,[61] lulavim,[62] hadassim[63] and willows of the brook. You shall rejoice before Hashem your God (for) seven days.

41. You shall celebrate it as a festival before Hashem (for) seven days in the year. It is an eternal statute for your generations: in the seventh month you shall celebrate it.

42. In booths you shall dwell (for) seven days; all native-born in Israel shall dwell in booths,

43. in order that your generations will know that I caused the children of Israel to dwell in booths of clouds when I brought them out from the land of Egypt; I am Hashem your God.

44. Moshe spoke the order of Hashem’s appointed times and taught them to the children of Israel.

Chapter 24

Shevii

1. Hashem spoke with Moshe, saying:

2. Command the children of Israel and they will take to you pure olive oil, beaten for lighting, to kindle the lamps[64] continually.

3. Outside the drape of the testimony[65] in the Tent of Meeting Aharon shall arrange it from evening until morning before Hashem, continually. It is an eternal statute for your generations.

4. On the pure menorah he shall arrange the lamps before Hashem, continually.

5. You shall take fine flour and bake it (into) twelve loaves: two-tenths (of an ephah) it will be for each loaf.[66]

6. Place them (in) two rows, six (per) row, on the pure table before Hashem.

7. Put on the row pure frankincense and it will be a remembrance for the bread, an offering before Hashem.

8. Every Sabbath day[67] he shall arrange them before Hashem continually; it is an eternal covenant from the children of Israel.

9. They will be[68] to Aharon and to his sons; they shall eat them in a holy place because they are most holy[69] to him from Hashem’s offerings, an eternal statute.

10. The son of an Israelite woman – and he was the son of an Egyptian man – went out among the children of Israel. They argued in the camp – the son of the Israelite woman and an Israelite man.

11. The son of the Israelite woman pronounced the name[70] and angered[71] (God). They brought him to Moshe – and his mother’s name was Shelomis, the daughter of Divri, of the tribe of Dan.

12. They imprisoned him in the guardhouse,[72] until it would be explained to them according to the decree of Hashem’ word.[73]

13. Hashem spoke with Moshe, saying:

14. Take the one who angered (God) to outside the camp. All who heard shall lay their hands on his head and the entire congregation shall stone him.

15. And with the children of Israel speak, saying: Every person[74] who will (create) anger before his God will incur liability,[75]

16. and one who pronounces the name of Hashem (blasphemously) shall surely die. The entire congregation will stone him. Stranger or native-born,[76] in his pronouncing the name he shall die.

17. A person who kills[77] any human being[78] shall surely be killed.[79]

18. One who kills the soul of an animal shall make repay it, a life for life.[80]

19. A person who gives a blemish in his fellow, as he did so shall be done to him:

20. a break for a break, an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth; as one gives a blemish in a person so shall be given in him.

21. And one who will kill[81] an animal shall pay for it, and one who will kill a human shall die.

22. There shall be to you one law for stranger and for native-born because I am Hashem your God.

23. Moshe spoke with the children of Israel; they took the one who angered (God) to outside the camp and pelted him with stones, and the children of Israel did as Hashem commanded Moshe.

[1] Rather than “a soul.”

[2] Rather than “a husband.”

[3] Rather than “make a cut.”

[4] As opposed to “fire offerings.”

[5] Rather than “bread.”

[6] Onkelos changes this word from singular to plural.

[7] Referring not to promiscuity per se, but to relation with someone prohibited.

[8] As opposed to “she desecrates her father.”

[9] Rather than “whose hand was filled.”

[10] Literally, “on.”

[11] Rather than “anointing oil.”

[12] Literally, “seed.”

[13] Chumash: “seed,” meaning descendants generally.

[14] Onkelos changes these last three bolded words from singular to plural.

[15] Rather than “soul.”

[16] Rather than “cut off.”

[17] Colloquially leprosy, but not really.

[18] Literally, “everything.”

[19] Literally, “a soul.”

[20] i.e., a seminal emission.

[21] “Every.”

[22] Literally, “comes (in).”

[23] Meaning food.

[24] Rather than “torn.”

[25] As opposed to “My charge.”

[26] Hebrew: zar. Literally an outsider, referring to a non-kohein.

[27] Hebrew: trumah.

[28] “Seed.”

[29] Rather than “stranger” (in the singular).

[30] Rather than a “peace sacrifice.”

[31] Onkelos changes these last three bolded words from singular to plural.

[32] Rather than “accepted.”

[33] Meaning “or.”

[34] i.e., perform castration.

[35] As opposed to “the hand of a foreigner.”

[36] Chumash: disfigurement.

[37] Hebrew: under.

[38] Rather than “an ox or a sheep.”

[39] Onkelos changes “it” and “its” from masculine to feminine.

[40] Literally, “son.”

[41] Literally, “one day.”

[42] Chumash: “proclaim them as holy gatherings.”

[43] Literally, “a Sabbath of Sabbaths.”

[44] Onkelos changes this word from singular to plural.

[45] Onkelos changes this word from plural to singular.

[46] A measure of volume.

[47] Rather than “wave.”

[48] Referring to the first day of Passover, as opposed to “the Sabbath.”

[49] As opposed to “for pleasing aroma.”

[50] Rather than “fresh ears.”

[51] Hebrew: “the seventh Sabbath.”

[52] Literally, “on.”

[53] Rather than “one male of goats.”

[54] Onkelos changes these last two bolded words from singular to plural.

[55] Rather than “the (shofar) blast.” (Sobbing describes the sound of the shofar.)

[56] Literally, “your souls.”

[57] In the Chumash, the pronoun “its” is feminine, to agree with the noun neshama (soul).

[58] Literally, all.

[59] Hebrew: Succos.

[60] Rather than, “It shall be an assembly.”

[61] Rather than “the fruit of a beautiful tree.”

[62] “Branches of palm trees.”

[63] Chumash: “boughs of braided trees.”

[64] Rather than “raise a lamp.”

[65] i.e., the Ark.

[66] Literally, “for one loaf.”

[67] Literally, “on the Sabbath day, on the Sabbath day.”

[68] i.e., belong.

[69] Literally, “holy of holies.”

[70] i.e., God’s name.

[71] Hebrew: “cursed (God),” i.e., he blasphemed.

[72] Rather than “placed him under guard.”

[73] Hebrew: “by Hashem’s mouth.”

[74] Literally, “a man, a man.”

[75] Rather than “bear his sin.”

[76] Literally, “like the stranger, like the native-born.”

[77] Hebrew: “strikes.”

[78] Literally, “soul of a man.”

[79] By execution; as opposed to “shall surely die.”

[80] Literally, “a soul for a soul.”

[81] Rather than “strikes.”

© Copyright 2021 Rabbi Jack Abramowitz