Words in bold represent changes to the traditional translation based on the Aramaic translation/commentary attributed to Onkelos the Ger.
1. It happened on the eighth day, Moshe called Aharon and to his sons, and to the elders of Israel.
2. He said to Aharon: “Take for yourself a calf of the herd for a sin offering and a ram for a burnt offering – unblemished – and bring them near before Hashem.
3. And with the children of Israel speak, saying: Take a male goat for a sin offering, and a calf and a lamb a year old, unblemished, for a burnt offering,
4. and an ox and a ram for a holiness offering to sacrifice before Hashem, and a flour offering that is mixed with oil because this day Hashem’s glory will be revealed to you.”
5. They took that which Moshe commanded to the front of the Tent of Meeting, and the entire congregation came near and they stood before Hashem.
6. Moshe said, “This is the matter that Hashem has commanded you to do, and Hashem’s glory will be revealed to you.”
7. Moshe said to Aharon: “Come near to the altar and make your sin offering and your burnt offering, and atone for yourself and for the people, and make the people’s offering and atone for them, as Hashem commanded.”
8. Aharon came near to the altar and slaughtered the calf of his sin offering.
9. Aharon’s sons brought the blood near to him. He dipped his finger in the blood and put (it) on the horns of the altar; and the blood he poured on the base of the altar.
10. The fat, the kidneys, and the from the liver from the sin offering he smoked on the altar as Hashem commanded Moshe,
11. and the flesh and the hide were burned in fire outside the camp.
12. He slaughtered the burnt offering. Aharon’s sons passed the blood to him, and he threw it on the altar all around.
13. They passed the burnt offering to him in its limbs, and the head, and he smoked (them) on the altar.
14. He washed the entrails and the legs, and he smoked them on the burnt offering on the altar.
15. He brought the people’s offering near. He took the goat of the sin offering for the people and he slaughtered it. He atoned with its blood like the first.
16. He brought the burnt offering near and made it as is fit.
17. He brought the flour offering near and he filled his hand from it. He smoked (it) on the altar aside from the burnt offering of the morning.
18. He slaughtered the ox and the ram – the holiness sacrifice that is for the people. Aharon’s sons passed the blood to him and he threw it on the altar all around,
19. and the fats from the ox and from the ram – the fat tail, the (fat) covering the innards, the kidneys, and the lobe of the liver.
20. They placed the fats the chests and he smoked the fats on the altar,
21. and the chests and the right thighs Aharon elevated as an elevation offering before Hashem as Moshe commanded.
22. Aharon raised his hands over the people and he blessed them. He stepped descended from making the sin offering, and the burnt offering, and the holiness offering.
23. Moshe and Aharon came to the Tent of Meeting. They went out and blessed the people, and Hashem’s glory was revealed to all the people.
24. Fire went out from before Hashem and consumed the burnt offering and the fats on the altar. All the people saw, and praised and fell on their faces.
1. Aharon’s sons Nadav and Avihu each took his fire pan, put fire in it and placed spice incense on it. They offered before Hashem strange fire that He did not command them.
2. Fire went forth from before Hashem and consumed them; they died before Hashem.
3. Moshe said to Aharon, “This is what Hashem spoke, saying, ‘Through those near to Me I will be sanctified and before all the people I will be honored.” Aharon was silent.
4. Moshe called to Mishael and to Eltzafan, sons of Aharon’s father’s brother Uziel. He said to them, “Come near; carry your brethren from before the sanctuary to outside the camp.”
5. They drew near and carried them in their tunics to outside the camp as Moshe spoke.
6. Moshe said to Aharon and to his sons Elazar and Isamar, “Do not let your heads grow long and do not tear your garments, and you will not die and there will (not) be anger against the entire assembly. Your brethren, the entire house of Israel, will mourn the burning that Hashem has burned.
7. And from the entrance of the Tent of Meeting do not exit lest you die because Hashem’s elevation oil is on you.” They did according to Moshe’s word.
8. Hashem spoke to Aharon, saying:
9. Wine and intoxicants do not drink – you and your sons with you – when you come to the Tent of Meeting, and you will not die. It is an eternal statute for your generations,
10. and to separate between the holy and the secular, and between the impure and the pure,
11. and to teach the children of Israel all the statutes that Hashem spoke to them by Moshe’s hand.
12. Moshe spoke with Aharon and with Elazar and Isamar, his remaining sons: Take the flour offering that remains from Hashem’s offerings and eat it (as) unleavened bread next to the altar because it is most holy.
13. You shall eat it in a holy place because it is your portion and your sons’ portion from Hashem’s offerings, for so have I been commanded.
14. And the chest of the elevation offering and the thigh of the separation you may eat in a pure place – you and your sons and your daughters with you – because they have been given (as) your portion and your sons’ portion from the holiness sacrifices of the children of Israel.
15. The thigh of the separation and the chest of the elevation offering on the offering of the fats they shall bring to elevate as an elevation offering before Hashem. They will be to you and to your sons with you an eternal portion as Hashem commanded.
16. Moshe inquired about the goat for the sin offering and behold, it had been burned. He became angry with Elazar and with Isamar, Aharon’s remaining sons, saying,
17. “Why did you not eat the sin offering in a holy place? Because it is most holy and He gave it to you to bear the sins of the congregation, to atone for them before Hashem.
18. Since of its blood was not brought to inside the place of holiness, you certainly should have eaten it in the sanctuary as I commanded.”
19. Aharon spoke with Moshe, “Behold, this day they offered their sin offering and their burnt offering before Hashem and tragedies like this happened to me! If I had eaten (the) sin offering today, would it have been appropriate before Hashem?”
20. Moshe heard and it was pleasing in his eyes.
1. Hashem spoke with Moshe and with Aharon, saying to them:
2. Speak with the children of Israel, saying: These are the animals that you may eat from all the beasts on the land:
3. everything that has cloven hooves, and completely split hooves, that brings up cud – among animals, it you may eat.
4. But this you may not eat of those that bring up cud and of those with split hooves: the camel because it brings up cud and its hooves are not split; it is unclean to you.
5. The hyrax, because it brings up cud and its hooves are not split; it is unclean to you.
6. The hare, because it brings up cud and its hooves are not split; it is unclean to you.
7. And the pig, because it has cloven hooves, its hooves are completely split, and it doesn’t regurgitate cud; it is unclean to you
8. Do not eat of their flesh and do not touch their carcasses; they are unclean to you.
9. This you may eat of all that is in the water: everything in the water that has fins and scales, in the seas and in the streams – them you may eat.
10. And everything that doesn’t have fins and scales in the seas and in the streams, of all the swarming things of the water and of all the living creatures that are in the water, they are detestable to you
11. and detestable they shall be to you. of their flesh you shall not eat and their carcasses you shall detest.
12. Everything that doesn’t have fins and scales in the water is detestable to you.
13. These you shall detest from the birds; they may not be eaten, they are detestable: the eagle, and the vulture, and the osprey,
14. and the kite, and the falcon according to its species,
15. the raven according to its species,
16. and the ostrich, and the nighthawk, and the sea gull; and the hawk according to its species,
17. and the little owl, and the cormorant, and the great owl,
18. and the horned owl, and the pelican, and the bustard,
19. and the stork, the heron according to its species, and the hoopoe, and the bat.
20. All winged swarming things that walk on four (legs) are detestable to you.
21. But this you may eat from all the winged swarming things that walk on four (legs): those that have (jointed) legs above their feet with which to leap on the earth.
22. These of them you may eat: the locusts according to its species, and the bald locusts according to their species, and the cricket according to their species, and the grasshopper according to their species.
23. And all (other) winged swarming things that have four legs are detestable to you.
24. And to these you will be rendered unclean – all who touch their carcasses will be unclean until evening
25. and all who carry of their carcasses will immerse his clothes and be unclean until evening.
26. To every animal that has cloven hoofs that are not completely split and that doesn’t bring up cud, they are unclean to you; all who touch them will be unclean.
27. And all that walks on its paws among all animals that walk on four (feet), they are unclean to you; all who touch their carcasses shall be unclean until evening.
28. And the one who carries their carcasses shall immerse his clothes and be unclean until evening. They are unclean to you.
29. This is unclean to you among the swarming things that swarm on the earth: the weasel, the mouse, and the toad according to their species,
30. and the hedgehog, and the chameleon, and the lizard, and the snail and the mole.
31. These are the unclean to you among all the swarming things; all who touch them when they are dead shall be unclean until evening.
32. And everything that falls on it when dead will be unclean. Of every wooden utensil, or a garment, or a skin, or a sack – every utensil with which work can be performed shall be brought into water, and it will be unclean until evening, and (then) it will be clean.
33. And every earthenware vessel into which falls (one) of them falls, everything that is in it will be unclean and it you shall break.
34. Of all the food that may be eaten upon which water comes, it will be unclean, and all beverage that may be drunk, in any vessel it will be unclean.
35. And everything upon which (part) of their carcasses falls shall be unclean: an oven and a stove must be demolished. They are unclean and they will be unclean to you.
36. But a spring and a cistern, a gathering place of water, will be clean, and one who touches their carcasses will be unclean.
37. If (part) of their carcasses falls on any planting seed that is to be sown, it is clean;
38. and if water is put on the seed and (part) of their carcasses falls on it, it will be unclean to you.
39. If one of the animals that is food to you dies, all who touch its carcass will be unclean until evening
40. and the one who eats of its carcass shall immerse his clothes and be unclean until evening. And the one who carries its carcass shall immerse his clothes and be unclean until evening.
41. All the swarming things that swarm on the earth are detestable; they may not be eaten.
42. Everything that walks on its belly, everything that walks on four (legs) to everything that increases (its number of) legs, of every crawling thing that crawls on the earth – do not eat them because they are detestable.
43. Do not make your souls detestable through any swarming thing that swarms, and do not render yourselves unclean through them and be unclean by them.
44. Because I am Hashem your God. You shall sanctify yourselves and be holy because I am holy. And do not render your souls unclean through any swarming thing that creeps upon the earth.
45. Because I am Hashem, the One Who brought you up from the land of Egypt to be God to you. You shall be holy because I am holy.
46. This is the law of the animal, and the bird, and all living creature that creeps in water, and all creature that swarms on the earth,
47. to separate between the impure and the pure, and between the creature that may be eaten and the creature that may not be eaten.
 Rather than “Hashem will appear to you.”
 Rather than “pieces.”
 As opposed to “made it a sin offering.”
 Rather than “according to law.”
 Chumash: “palm.”
 As opposed to “waved.”
 Raher than “towards.”
 Rather than “shouted.”
 Chumash: “Uncle.”
 i.e., hair.
 Onkeles makes this more passive than the Hebrew “and anger (will not) strike the entire assembly.”
 Rather than “anointing.”
 We would read this as “wine and intoxicants.” Rashi explains it to mean “wine that intoxicates.” Onkelos returns our understanding to the way we would naturally understand it from the Chumash.
 Rather than “fire offerings.”
 As opposed to “the fats of the fire offering.”
 Onkelos changes this word from singular to plural.
 As opposed to just “like this happened to me.”
 Rather than “good in Hashem’s eyes.”
 The exact identities of the following birds are subject to dispute.
 Hebrew: shachaf. Onkelos adds the word “bird” to distinguish it from other possible meanings.
 Literally, “things that swarm among birds.”
 The exact identities of the following insects are likewise subject to dispute.
 Rather than “wash.”
 The identities of the swarming things are also subject to dispute.
 Literally, “in their death.”
 Literally, “soul” (both times in this verse).
© Copyright 2021 Rabbi Jack Abramowitz