Words in bold represent changes to the traditional translation based on the Aramaic translation/commentary attributed to Onkelos the Ger.
21 These are the accountings of the Tabernacle, the Tabernacle of the testimony, which were counted at Moshe’s word, the work of the Levites through the hand of Isamar, the son of Aharon the priest.
22. Betzalel, the son of Uri the son of Chur of the tribe of Yehuda, made all that Hashem had commanded Moshe.
23. With him, Oholiav, the son of Achisamach of the tribe of Dan, a carver and a designer, and an embroiderer in blue, purple and crimson dyed wool and in fine linen.
24. All the gold that was used for the work, in all the holy work, the gold raised was 29 talents and 730 selas of the holy sela.
25. The silver of the community census was 100 talents and 1,775 selas of the holy sela:
26. a shekel a head, half a sela of the holy sela for all who passed through the countings, from age 20 years and up, for 603,550 (people).
27. It was 100 talents of silver for casting the sockets of the sanctuary and the sockets of the drape, 100 sockets to the 100 talents, a talent to a socket.
28. And of the 1,775 (selas/shekels) he made hooks for the pillars, overlaid their tops, and banded them.
29. The copper raised was 70 talents and 2,400 selas.
30. He made of it sockets for the entrance of the Tent of Meeting, and the copper altar and its copper grating and all the utensils of the altar,
31. and the sockets of the courtyard all around, and the sockets of the gate of the courtyard, and all the pegs of the Tabernacle and all the pegs of the courtyard all around.
1, From the blue, purple and crimson dyed wool they made the service garments for officiating in the sanctuary; they made the holy garments for Aharon as Hashem commanded Moshe.
2. He made the apron (of) gold, blue, purple and crimson dyed wool and twisted fine linen.
3. They hammered sheets of gold and they cut threads to work among the blue, among the purple and among the crimson dyed wool, and among the fine linen, the work of a craftsman.
4. They made attached shoulder (piece)s for it; they were attached on its two ends.
5. The decorative band that was on it was of it, like its work: gold, blue, purple, and crimson wool, and twisted fine linen as Hashem commanded Moshe.
6. They made the lapis lazuli, enclosed in gold settings, engraved in clear writing with the names of the sons of Yisroel.
7. They placed them on the shoulders of the apron (as) stones of remembrance for the children of Israel as Hashem had commanded Moshe.
8. He made the breastplate the work of a designer like the work of the apron, (of) gold, blue, purple and crimson dyed wool, and twisted fine linen.
9. It was square; they made the breastplate doubled, its length a span and its width a span, doubled.
11. and the second row: turquoise, sapphire and amethyst;
12. and the third row: jacinth, agate and crystal;
13. and the fourth row: beryl, onyx and jasper. They were enclosed in gold settings in their fillings.
14. The stones were for the names of the sons of Yisroel – 12, corresponding to their names – clear writing like the engravings of a seal, each according to its name for the 12 Tribes.
15. He made on the breastplate they made plaited chains of cable work (of) pure gold.
16. They made two frames of gold and two rings of gold, and put the two rings on the two sides of the breastplate.
17. They put the two gold cords to the two rings at the ends of the breastplate.
18. The two cords that are on the two sides they put on the two frames, and they put them on the shoulders of the apron, facing its front.
19. They made two gold rings and placed them on the two sides of the breastplate, on its edge, which were on the inward side of the apron.
20. They made two (more) gold rings and placed them on the two shoulders of the apron below, facing its front, near the place it attaches over the decorative band.
21. They connected the breastplate from its rings to the rings of the apron with a string of blue to remain on the decorative band of the apron, so the breastplate should not come loose from on top of the apron as Hashem commanded Moshe.
22. He made the robe of the apron – the work of a weaver, completely blue (wool).
23. The opening of the robe was folded in the middle of it like the opening of a coat of mail. There was a border circling its opening all around (so that) it shouldn’t be torn.
24. They made on the hem of the robe pomegranates of blue, purple and crimson dyed wool, twisted.
25. They made bells of pure gold and placed the bells among the pomegranates, on the hem of the robe all around among the pomegranates,
26. a bell and a pomegranate, a bell and a pomegranate, on the hem of the robe all around to officiate, as Hashem commanded Moshe.
27. They made the tunics of fine linen, the work of a weaver, for Aharon and for his sons,
28. and the hats of fine linen, and the decorated turbans of fine linen, and the linen knickers of twisted fine linen,
29. and the belt of twisted fine linen and blue, purple and crimson dyed wool, the work of a designer, as Hashem commanded Moshe.
30. They made the plate of the holy crown (of) pure gold. The wrote on it in engravings of clear writing, “Holy to Hashem.”
31. They placed on it a string of blue to put (it) on the hat above as Hashem commanded Moshe.
32. He completed all the work of the Tabernacle, the Tent of Meeting. The children of Israel did according to all that Hashem had commanded Moshe; so they did.
33. They brought the Tabernacle to Moshe, the tent and all its utensils, its clasps, its boards, its bars, and its pillars and its sockets,
34. the cover of reddened ram skins, and the covering of seal skins, and the curtain for the screen,
35. the Ark of the testimony and its poles, and the cover,
36. the table, all its utensils, and the showbread,
37. the pure menorah, its lamps – the lamps to be in order – and all its utensils, and the oil for lighting,
38. the golden altar, the elevation oil, the spice incense, and the screen for the entrance of the tent,
39. the copper altar and its copper grating, its poles and all its utensils, the washbasin and its stand,
40. the hangings of the courtyard, its pillars and its sockets, the screen for the gate of the courtyard, its cords and its pegs, and all the utensils for the service of the Tabernacle, for the Tent of Meeting;
41. the service garments for officiating in the sanctuary, the holy garments for Aharon the priest, and the garments of his sons (in which) to minister.
42. According to all that Hashem commanded Moshe, so the children of Israel did all the work.
43. Moshe saw all work and behold, they did it as Hashem commanded, so they had done. Moshe blessed them.
1. Hashem spoke with Moshe, saying,
2. “On the day of the first month, on the first of the month, you shall erect the Tabernacle of the Tent of Meeting.
3. You shall put there the Ark of the testimony, and screen the ark with the drape.
4. Bring the table and arrange its setting; bring in the menorah and light its lamps,
5. and place the gold altar for the incense in front of the Ark of the testimony. Place the screen for the entrance of the Tabernacle.
6. Place the burnt-offering altar in front of the entrance of the Tabernacle, the Tent of Meeting.
7. Place the washbasin between the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and place water there.
8. Place the courtyard all around and place the screen, the gate of the courtyard.
9. Take the elevation oil and elevate the Tabernacle and all that is in it. Sanctify it and all its utensils and it will be holy.
10. Elevate the burnt-offering altar and all its utensils; sanctify the altar and the altar will be most holy.
11. Anoint the washbasin and its stand to sanctify it.
12. Bring Aharon and his sons close to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting and wash them with the water.
13. Dress Aharon in the sacred garments and elevate him; sanctify him and he will minister before Me.
14. Bring his sons near and dress them (in) tunics.
15. Elevate them as you elevated their father and they will minister before Me. This will be to be for them an elevation for eternal priesthood for their generations.”
16. Moshe did according to all that Hashem commanded him; so he did.
17. It happened in the first month of the second year on the first of the month that the Tabernacle was erected.
18. Moshe erected the Tabernacle. He placed its sockets, he set its boards, he placed its bars and he erected its pillars.
19. He spread the tent on the Tabernacle, he placed the cover of the tent on top of it as Hashem commanded Moshe.
20. He took and placed the testimony in the Ark; he placed the poles on the Ark and put the cover on top of the ark,
21. He brought the ark to the Tabernacle. He set the screening drape and screened off the Ark of the testimony as Hashem commanded Moshe.
22. He placed the table in the Tent of Meeting, on the side of the Tabernacle to the north, outside the drape.
23. He arranged on it arrangements of bread before Hashem, as Hashem commanded Moshe.
24. He put the menorah in the Tent of Meeting opposite the table, on the side of the Tabernacle to the south.
25. He lit the lamps before Hashem as Hashem commanded Moshe.
26. He put the gold altar in the Tent of Meeting, in front of the drape.
27. He smoked spice incense on it as Hashem commanded Moshe.
28. He set the screen (at) the entrance of the Tabernacle.
29. The burnt-offering altar he placed at the entrance of the Tabernacle, the Tent of Meeting. He offered on it the burnt offering and the flour offering as Hashem commanded Moshe.
30. He placed the washbasin between the Tent of Meeting and the altar, and he put water there for sanctifying.
31. From it, Moshe and Aharon and his sons sanctified their hands and their feet;
32. When they came to the Tent of Meeting and when they approached the altar they washed as Hashem commanded Moshe.
33. He erected the courtyard all around the Tabernacle and the altar, and he set the screen (for) the gate of the courtyard. Moshe completed the work.
34. The cloud covered the Tent of Meeting, and the glory of Hashem filled the Tabernacle.
35. Moshe was unable to enter the Tent of Meeting because the cloud had settled on it and the glory of Hashem filled the Tabernacle.
36. When the cloud arose from atop the Tabernacle, the children of Israel would travel on all their journeys;
37. and if the cloud did not arise, they would not travel until (the) day it arose.
38. Because the cloud of Hashem’s glory was on the Tabernacle by day, and the appearance of fire would be on it by night, in the eyes of the entire house of Israel in all their journeys.
 Hebrew: mouth.
 Rather than “an embroiderer.”
 Onkelos replaces the Hebrew “shekel” in this verse with “sela,” an equivalent value.
 Rather than a beka, i.e., half a sela.
 As opposed to “mesh” or “knit” garments.
 Rather than “he.”
 i.e., of one piece with it.
 Rather than “with the engravings of a seal.”
 Hebrew: “one.”
 As noted in parshas Tetzaveh, the identities of the 12 stones are far from unclear, both in the Chumash and the Targum. We’re not going to try to be definitive here.
 Literally “a man on his name.”
 Rather than “ends.”
 As opposed to “the two ends of the two cords.”
 Rather than “its seam.”
 Literally, mouth
 As opposed to “anointing oil.”
 Literally, “holy of holies.”
 Onkelos makes “an arrangement” plural.
 Rather than “washing.”
© Copyright 2021 Rabbi Jack Abramowitz